Postgraduate research study is the main form of training of research engaged and scientific-and-teaching personnel. 

Postgraduate studies at the IHSM are conducted in full-time (3 years) and in-absentia (4 years) forms. During training, the postgraduate student must complete an individual curriculum, publish articles in peer-reviewed journals, pass all candidate examinations (history and philosophy of science, a foreign language, the state language, a special discipline in accordance with the topic of the dissertation), pass exams on additional disciplines of “School of Teaching Excellence” and "Methodology and methods of scientific research."

The result of going through the postgraduate studies is the completion of the dissertation with the public defense of the dissertation in the corresponding dissertation council.